A B O U T   C R O A T I C A   C H E M I C A   A C T A


CROATICA CHEMICA ACTA is an international journal devoted to the publication of papers from all fields of chemistry. Four issues are published annually.

CCA publishes Original scientific papers, Notes, Preliminary communications, Author's reviews, Reviews, Feature articles, Conference papers, Essays and Data bank contributions. In the appendix, the Journal publishes Letters to the Editor, book reviews, obituaries and Croatian Chemical Society news.

CROATICA   CHEMICA   ACTA  is supported by the
Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Croatia
and to some extent the funds are provided by subscriptions and advertisements.

CROATICA CHEMICA Acta is referred to in Chemical Abstracts, Science Citation Index, Current Contents  (Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences),  Cambridge  Structural  Database  System (CSD System), Chemical Titles



Published by the Croatian Chemical Society


Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102 A, Zagreb, Croatia

Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c. 54, Zagreb, Croatia


Editor-in-Chief: Nikola Kallay

Editors: Tomica Hrenar, Bono Lučić

Assistant Editors: Darko Babić, Marina Cindrić, Vlasta Drevenkar, Olga Kronja, Milivoj Lovrić,

Kata Mlinarić-Majerski, Ines Primožič, Vladislav Tomišić, Ivana Weygand Đurašević

Junior Editor: Ozren Jović

Technical Editors: Miroslav Bajić, Sandra Čičić, Petra Kalinovčić, Zoran Kokan, Danijel Namjesnik, Ozren Jović

Editorial Assistant: Nada Trajkov, Danijela Hus Mustić

Honorary Editors: Jean-Marie Lehn, Paul von Ragué Schleyer

Author of the Article Template: Tomica Hrenar


Goran Baranović, Nikol Basarić, Ljerka Brečević, Mladen Biruš, Ljiljana Fruk, Ita Gruić-Sovulj, Davor Kovačević, Mirjana Metikoš, Predrag Novak, Marija Šindler-Kulyk, Hrvoj Vančik, Robert Vianello, Dražen Vikić-Topić, Tomislav Živković



F. H. Allen (UK), A. M. Bond (Australia), M. V. Diudea (Romania)
C. Giacovazzo (Italy)
M. Klessinger, A. de Meijere, Ch. Rücker, A. Simon (Germany)
T. Cvitaš, D. Grdenić, B. Kamenar, D. Keglević, Vl. Simeon, V. Šunjić, N. Trinajstić (Croatia)
D. Hadži, J. Kobe, B. Stanovnik, M. Tišler (Slovenia)
D. J. Klein, E. Matijević, M. Randić, J. R. Sabin, J. Wang (USA)
V. Kvasnička (Slovakia)
J. Mink (Hungary)


Address of the Editorial Board


Horvatovac 102a, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Phone: +385 1 460 6163 Fax: +385 1 460 6131 E-mail: CCA@chem.pmf.hr


The   70th   Anniversary   of
1927 - 1997

Written after Croat. Chem. Acta 70 (1997) I-IV.

The first issue of Croatica Chemica Acta (Croat. Chem. Acta) appeared under the name

Arhiv za hemiju i farmaciju (Archive for Chemistry and Pharmacy)

in Zagreb on April 1, 1927.

It was published by the Yugoslav Chemical Society as a quarterly chemical journal. The Yugoslav Chemical Society was founded in Zagreb on January 23, 1926. The first President of the Society and the first Editor of the journal was the analytical and inorganic chemist,

Professor Vladimir Njegovan (b. 1884 in Zagreb-d. 1971 in Zagreb).

He remained editor of the Archive until 1933. During his editorship and more or less until the end of the Second World War, the journal had been publishing scientific papers, lectures, announcements of scientific events, reports or titles of papers published by Croatian or Yugoslav chemists in foreign journals, book reviews, obituaries etc. These contributions were mostly published in some kind of a hybrid of Croatian and Serbian languages commonly not spoken by individual scientists.
Njegovan was succeeded by a metallurgist,

Professor Franjo Hanaman (b. 1878 in Drenovci - d. 1941 in Zagreb).

Professor Hanaman and Dr. Aleksandar Just (1872-1937) discovered the electric bulb with wolfram wire . This discovery made them known in our country and abroad. During Hanaman's editorship (1933-1939), the journal changed its name twice. The first change of the name (1938) to Arhiv za hemiju i tehnologiju (Archive for Chemistry and Technology) was induced by the fact that papers reporting pharmaceutical research were rather scarce. In 1939, the term "hemija" was replaced by the Croatian "kemija" giving the name Arhiv za kemiju i tehnologiju. As well, the name of the Yugoslav Chemical Society was changed into the Croatian Chemical Society. This happened due to the political changes in the pre-war Yugoslavia. In 1939, Banovina Hrvatska was formed after an agreement between the leading Croatian political figure of those days Vlatko Macek (1879-1964) and the liberal president of the Yugoslav Government Dragisa Cvetkovic (1893-1963). The use of the Croatian language, instead of the mentioned hybrid-language, was finally possible.

Professor Hanaman suddenly died in 1939 and the geochemist,

Dr. Stanko Miholic (b. 1900 in Zalec, Slovenia - d. 1960 in Bolø, Norway)

was appointed Editor and he performed this duty until 1940. Before the war, the papers written by the Croatian Nobel Laureates, Leopold Ruzicka (1887-1976) and Vladimir Prelog (1906) appeared in the journal:

L. Ruzicka,
From Dalmatian Chrysantemum (Pyrethrum) cinerariifolium Boc. to Sexual Hormones (in Croatian)
Arhiv za kemiju i tehnologiju 14 (1940) 1-20.
V. Prelog and E. Cerkovnikov,
Syntheses from Tetrahydro-pyran-gamma-aldehyde (in Croatian with an abstract in English)
Arhiv za hemiju i farmaciju 9 (1935) 14-18.

In 1941, a physical and organic chemist,

Professor Mladen Deželić (b. 1900 in Zagreb - d. 1989 in Zagreb),

became the Editor of the journal. He took over the journal in the hard times of the Second World War. However, by the end of the war in 1945, he managed to publish three volumes of the journal. In 1941, the journal changed its name again, this time into Kemijski vjestnik (Chemical Gazette). During the war, an important paper on the first synthesis of adamantane was published by Rativoj Seiwerth (1916), who got his Ph. D. degree under Prelog.

R. Seiwerth
On the Synthesis of Adamantane (in Croatian, an abstract in German)
Kemijski vjestnik 15-16 (1942-1943) 20-44.

In 1946, the former name of the journal, in its shorter and much more fitting version: Arhiv za kemiju (Archive for Chemistry), was restored. Its pre-war Editor,

Dr. Stanko Miholic,

took over the editorship again and held this appointment until 1952.

Until 1946, the papers in the journal appeared either in Croatian or Serbian, but also in a hybrid of these two languages. Several papers were printed in German, as well. After 1946, the papers were published in foreign languages regularly. The first paper in English appeared in 1946, written by Professor Krešimir Balenović (1914) and his doctoral student Rikard Munk (1918-1970):

K. Balenović and R. Munk,
Contribution to the Knowledge of Polyoxocompounds III
Sym-Dibenzoyl-acetone (1,3,5-trioxo-1,5-diphenylpentane)
Arhiv za kemiju 18 (1946) 41-44.

In the volume 19 (1947), the names of the members of the Editorial Board of the journal appeared for the first time: Krešimir Balenović (1914), Ivan Brihta (1903-1960), Eugen Gustak (1916-1975), Hrvoje Iveković (1901-1991), Miroslav Karsulin (1904-1984), Mirko Mirnik (1916) and Mihovil Proštenik (1916-1994).

In 1953, the physical chemist,

Professor Božo Težak (b. 1907 in Varaždin - d. 1980 in Zagreb),

a member of the Editorial Board since 1949, became the Editor of the journal. At its annual assembly the Croatian Chemical Society appointed Težak to be Editor. Then, Težak became Editor-in-Chief with two Assistant Editors, Egon Matijevic (1922) and Velimir Vouk (1919-1984), and the Editorial Board consisting of four members: Petar Alaupovic (1925), Ivan Filipovic (1911), Eugen Gustak (1916-1975) and Dionis Sunko (1922). This was the beginning of the journal new era, since Professor Težak started to introduce changes into editorial policy. The journal developed from a small provincial chemical journal of inconsistent quality into an internationally recognizable publication. The changes introduced by Professor Težak could be summarized as follows:
Manuscripts had to be submitted in one of the main European languages: English, French, German or Russian (later in English only). However, the manuscripts in Croatian were accepted until the late fifties. Manuscripts were sent to at least two anonymous referees. The manuscripts of Croatian authors were always sent to foreign referees and only those with favourable reports were published. The journal appeared regularly and technical improvements were continuously introduced.

Thanks to Professor Težak, the present name Croatica Chemica Acta was introduced in 1956. This was not an easy task, since there was a considerable opposition to any change of the name. The struggle for this change lasted for almost a year, and then finally at the annual assembly of the Croatian Chemical Society the proposal was approved.

The change of the name from Arhiv za kemiju into Croatica Chemica Acta was introduced so as to avoid the confusing similarity with the citations of Arkiv Kemi which was the abbreviation of the much better known chemical journal: Arkiv för Kemi published by the Swedish Academy of Science. The choice of the name Croatica Chemica Acta was supported by following arguments: The Latin name of the journal indicated that the articles were printed in one of the main European languages; the term Croatica in the name indicated the national origin. The form of the name was chosen to be Croatica Chemica Acta instead of Acta Chemica Croatica, which would be more in the genius of the Latin language, because there were many journals beginning with Acta and thus among them Acta Chemica Croatica would have been less discernible. Professor Božo Težak was the Editor-in-Chief of Croatica Chemica Acta until his premature death of a heart attack, in 1980.

During Težak's editorship, Croatica Chemica Acta became an established quarterly chemical journal in which the papers covering all fields of chemistry: physical and theoretical chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, inorganic and structural chemistry, analytical chemistry and materials science, were published. He also introduced author(s)' reviews and conference issues.

Težak was succeeded by a biophysicist,

Dr. Siniša Maričić (b. 1926 in Skopje, Macedonia),

who remained Editor-in-Chief until 1985. Maričić had already been an Editor in Težak's time, since 1975, and a member of the Editorial Board of Croatica Chemica Acta since 1959. Dr. Maričić introduced special issues of Croatica Chemica Acta with Guest-Editors.

As Editor-in-Chief of Croatica Chemica Acta, Dr. Siniša Maričić was succeeded by the physical chemist,

Professor Vladimir Simeon (b. 1939 in Zagreb),

who had been a member of the Editorial Board since 1968. Simeon held the position until 1994. During his editorship, feature articles were introduced, and Honorary Editors and the Advisory Board were added to the structure of the Editorial Board. The first Honorary Editors were the Nobel Laureates: Jean-Marie Lehn, Linus Pauling and Vladimir Prelog. After the death of Linus Pauling in 1994, Jean-Marie Lehn and Vladimir Prelog remained the only Honorary Editors. 

Between 1995-2005, the theoretical chemist,

Dr. Nenad Trinajstić (b.1936 in Zagreb)

has been the Editor-in-Chief. To this position he was elected at the annual assembly of the Croatian Chemical Society in May 1994. He has retained the same structure of the Editorial Board, although its membership from Croatia largely changed. The editorial policy set by Professor Težak is still being followed to the letter, except for one: the Editorial Board meets five to six times a year, while in Težak's times the meetings were held weekly. Now, many more papers are being submitted for publication both from Croatia and abroad and the size of each volume has increased considerably. The regularity of appearance of the journal is now strictly obeyed, which often has not been the case in the past.

Since 2006

Dr. Nikola Kallay (b.1942 in Zagreb)

is the new Editor-in-Chief.


Since 1975 Croatica Chemica Acta has been appearing in the Journal Citation Reports published by the Institute for Scientific Information in Philadelphia. Similarly, Croatica Chemica Acta has been also referred to by Current Contents since the inception of this important publication. The Journal Citation Report gives the ranking of journals in terms of their impact factors.

The impact factors for the years 1991-1994 indicate that the hard years during the Croatian Liberation War (1991-1995), especially while Zagreb was attacked by Serbian and Montenegrin aggressors, did not prevent Croatica Chemica Acta to publish quality papers by Croatian and foreign authors regularly. The impact factor of 0.625 (in 1994) compares favourably with the impact factors of the national chemical journals published in the neighbouring countries:

Austria-Monatshefte fur Chemie (0.618);

Czech Republic-Collection of Czech Chemical Communications (0.467);

Italy-Gazzetta Chimica Italiana (0.772);

Hungary-Acta Chimica Hungarica (0.445);

Romania-Revue Roumaine de Chimie (0.141);

Slovakia-Chemical Papers (0.224).

It should be pointed out that the most of these journals have 12 issues per year and are published in countries having far more chemists than Croatia.

Two most cited papers from Croatica Chemica Acta are:

W. Stumm, R. Kummert and L. Sigg,
A ligand exchange model for the adsorption of inorganic and organic ligands at hydrous oxide interfaces, 
Croat. Chem. Acta 53 (1980) 291-312 (346 citation in Web of Science, ISI, Thompson Reuters – December 2009)
W. Stumm, C. P. Huang and S. R. Jenkins,
Specific Chemical Interactions Affecting the Stability of Dispersed Systems, 
Croat. Chem. Acta 42 (1970) 223-245 (296 citation in Web of Science, ISI, Thompson Reuters – December 2009)

The research on which the second paper is based was reported at the Summer School on the Chemistry of Solid/Liquid Interfaces that was held in Dubrovnik and Cavtat, Croatia, in July 1970. These two articles became the Science Citation Classic in 1990 (having 105 and 110 citations, respectively, at that time). To the aquatic surface chemistry researchers these two papers have been continuously recommended (e.g. G. Sposito, in: Aquatic Chemistry-Interfacial and Interspecies Processes, edited by C. P. Huang, C. R. O'Melia and J. J. Morgan, ACS, Washington, DC, 1995, pp. 33-56). The above supports the view that a small journal is not a hindrance for the recognition of an outstanding work. This is correction of Editorial published in Issue 2 of Croatica Chemica Acta dedicated to Werner Stumm, 71 (1998) I-II. In addition, this is also correction related to Editorial by N. Trinajstić, The 70th anniversary of Croatica Chemica Acta 1927-1997, Croat. Chem. Acta 70 (1997) I-IV.


An analysis/overview of the most cited papers published in Croatica Chemica Acta was recently presented in: Croat. Chem. Acta. 83 (3) (2010) CCCVII_CCCXII.

Nenad Trinajstić (Croat. Chem. Acta 70 (1997) I-IV, updated/corrected after Nenad Trinajstić by NT and Bono Lučić)



The first issue

Taken from   Arhiv za hemiju i farmaciju
  (the former name of Croatica Chemica Acta)   1 (1927)

page 1 . . . . . . CCA volume 1, No.1 

page 143 . . . . . CCA volume 1, No.4 

"La Synthèse chimique reproduit les corps
naturels et tire chaque jour du néant des
milliers de composés, que la Nature n'avait
jamais connus, qui font la richesse et la
prospérité des nations et qui accroissent
sans cesse le bien-être de l'espèce humaine."

M. B.

pages 144 - 146

Marcelin Berthelot et la Maison de la Chimie

.....La Chimie, en effet, science des transformations profondes de la matière et, par là, science même de la vie et perpétuelle génératrice d' énergie et de forces naturelles, la Chimie est "au fond du tout" et rien ne lui échappe. C'est un fait que la production du sol, dans toute l'étendue du problème, n'est désormais qu'une application continuelle des lois et découvertes de la Chimie; que pour être sûre et rationnelle, l'alimentation a besoin, à chaque pas, de la Chimie; que tous les problèmes concernant l'Hygiène publique ont désormais un auxiliaire constant dans la Chimie; que la Thérapeutique et la Clinique sont redevables de leur développement actuel aux découvertes et aux méthodes chimiques; que l'étude chimique des ciments et des matériaux de construction, avec la découverte des explosifs, a rendu possibles des travaux qui n'eussent pu être tentés autrefois; que les découvertes de la Chimie profitent de mille manières aux arts ornementaux , et que la mode elle-même, si capricieuse en ses manifestations, a trouvé dans la Chimie d'inépuisable ressources pour la nouveauté des tissus, ainsi que pour la variété et la splendeur des couleurs. La Chimie imprègne tous les rouages de la vie industrielle et de la vie sociale. Et l'on peut tenir pour certain, en encourageant les industries chimiques, qu'on favoirise, par voie de répercussion, toutes les autres industries. D'une part, en effet, elle en reçoit les matières premières et l'outillage, et, d'autre part, elle les revitaille en produits de transformation de toutes sortes.

Toutes les applications de la Chimie ont grandement contribué, depuis un siècle, à l'amélioration continue du bien-être de l'Humanité. Toutes, comme aussi celles, et combien importantes, dont nous sommes redevables aux autres disciplines scientifiques, ont eu pour point de départ des expériences de laboratoire. Au premier rang des travaux dont elles ont été l'aboutissement se classe l'oeuvre géniale de Marcelin Berhelot. Pour ne parler ici que de la Synthèse chimique, dont il fut le grand pionnier, il serait difficile d'exagérer, du point de vue de la Philosophie naturelle et des répercussions de tous ordres, la portée de la conquête qu'enregistra l'histoire de l'esprit humain le jour où, par un véritable bouleversement de la Science, fut établie l'unité des forces qui agissent dans le monde minéral et chez les êtres vivants. Cette vérité fondamentale, qui règne en souveraine sur toute la Nature, fut le résultat des reconstitutions intégrales, à partir des gaz de l'air et de l'eau, d'une série de substances: hydrocarbures, alcools, acides, parmi les plus simples de la Chimie organique.

Sur la grande voie nouvelle frayée par Bertholet se sont engagés, à sa suite, tous les chimistes de l'Univers. Et grâce, par ailleurs, au perfectionnement ininterrompu de cet admirable instrument du travail, de ce guide sûr pour la recherche qu'est la Théorie atomique, la Synthèse chimique n'a pas cessé, depuis un demi-siècle, d'enrichir la Science et d'étonner le Monde par l'infinie variété des découvertes. La synthèse des corps sucrés est venue après celle des corps gras, et la synthèse de la classe des composés organiques les plus réfractaires, les albuminoides, est dans un état d'avancement qui fait augurer pour un proche avenir un autre grande et définitive conquête. Par ailleurs, c'est par dizaine de milliers qu'il faut compter aujourd'hui les substances nouvelles, semblables ou supérieures aux produits naturels, que la Synthèse chimique tire chaque année du néant pour amélioration de la condition humaine: couleurs de la houille dont l'éclat l'emporte sur celui des couleurs minérales ou végétales; parfums identiques ou analogues aux principes odorants de la vanille ou du musc, aux aromes délicats de la violette et du muguet, et, par dessus tout, cette série sans fin d'analgésiques, d'anesthésiques, d'hypnotiques, d'antithermiques, d'antiseptiques, de specifiques de toutes sortes, gloire de la pharmacopée nouvelle, armes de plus en plus puissantes contre la maladie, la soufrance et la mort.

La recherche scientifique est le grand levier dont l'homme dispose pour dompter la Nature et l'asservir à ses fins. Tous ceux qui savent qu'elle est ainsi à la base de tout progrès dans l'ordre matériel applaudissent hautement au mouvement mondial d'opinion qui s'est produit, pour glorifier Marcelin Berthelot a l'occasion du centièmme anniversaire de sa naissance, en faveur de l'édification à Paris, sous le nom de

Maison de la Chimie,

d'un foyer d'accueil amical, d'un centre international de réunion et de travail pour les savants et les industriels qui, sous une latitude quelconque, contribuent au progrès et aux applications de la Science que les découvertes de l'illustre chimiste ont auréolée d'une si vive lumière.

Honorer un savant tel que Marcelin Bertholet, c'est, selon la magnifique expression de Raymond Poincaré,

"honorer, sous des espèces mortelles, l'immortelle beauté de la Science elle-même."

Pieuse gardienne d'une telle mémoire, temple de la Science éternelle, la Maison de la Chimie sera un vivant symbole de la reconnaissante solidarité des générations successives devant les grands esprits dont le génie bienfaisant rayonne sur tous les pays et sur tous les temps.

Paris, 13. octobre 1927.

Charles Moureu
Membre de l'Institut
Professeur de Chimie organique
au Collège de France

pages 188-194

I. Marek 
Organska elementarna analiza bez upotrebe katalizatora i prenosioca kisika
Sur le dosage quantitatif du carbone et de l'hydrogène sans catalyseur
Elementary organic analysis for carbon and hydrogen without use of catalysts 
(in Croatian with an abstract in French, cited in Chemical Abstracts 22 (1928) 1933)

pages 194-199

I. Marek 
Prilog k odredjivanju sumpora u organskim supstancama
Sur le dosage quantitatif du soufre dans les substances organiques
Determination of sulfur in organic substances 
(in Croatian with an abstract in French, cited in Chemical Abstracts 22 (1928) 1933)

electric bulb with wolfram wire

from   Arhiv za hemiju i farmaciju
  (the former name of Croatica Chemica Acta)   2 (1928)

pages 105-109

Franjo Hanaman

written by V. Njegovan

Avant tout il faut être un brave homme.
J. L. Gay-Lussac

...patent: Verfahren zur Herstellung von Glühkörpern aus Wolfram oder Molybdän für elektrische Glühlampen (D. R. P. No. 154262)... (cited in Chemical Abstracts 22 (1928) 3358)

pages 109-115

Bedeuteung der Arbeiten Prof. Dr. F. Hanamans für die Entwicklung der elektrischen Glühlampe

written by Dr. F. Baumann

Importance of the work of Prof. Dr. F. Hanaman for the development of the incandescent lamp
(in German and Croatian, cited in Chemical Abstracts 22 (1928) 3358)


Impact Factors (IF) of CROATICA CHEMICA ACTA since 1975

according to Journal Citation Reports (ISI Thompson Reuters)

Note: since year 2008, 5-year IFs have been given in parenthesis


Impact Factor


Impact Factor


Impact Factor
















































0.831 (1.000)






0.805 (0.959)






0.713 (0.936)






0.763 (0.854)






0.614 (0.661)








CROATICA   CHEMICA   ACTA was founded in 1927.

The name of this journal changed several times, as follows:




Arhiv za hemiju i farmaciju


Arhiv za hemiju i tehnologiju


Arhiv za kemiju i tehnologiju


Kemijski vjestnik


Arhiv za kemiju


Croatica Chemica Acta


CCA Editors-in-Chief from its beginnings in 1927:




Vladmir Njegovan (1884-1971)


Franjo Hanaman (1878-1941)


Stanko Miholic (1891-1960)


Mladen Deželić (1900-1989)


Stanko Miholic (1891-1960)


Božo Težak (1907-1980)


Siniša Maričić (1925-)


Vladimir Simeon (1939-)


Nenad Trinajstić (1936-)


Nikola Kallay (1942-)


Nenad Trinajstic was elected the editor in chief of CROATICA   CHEMICA   ACTA in May, 1994.
On February 19, 1996, he gave me the preliminary text and asked to prepare the corresponding HTML document. The home page of CROATICA   CHEMICA   ACTA appeared first on WWW in March 1996, including the Table of Contents of Croat. Chem. Acta 69 (1996) No 1 and the Instructions to Authors. Its appearence and content were changing slightly until May 20, 1996.

On May 20, 1996, the home page was moved to the actual address:



The next serious update of the home page was on July 23, 1996, the birthday of the Nobel Laureate Vladimir Prelog. Then Croat. Chem. Acta 69 (1996) No 2 appeared.

Croat. Chem. Acta 69 (1996) No 3 appeared on WWW on December 2, 1996. The Table of Contents and abstracts of the plenary lectures given at the 4th Croatian-Slovenian Crystallographic Meeting were published on the home page. The list of all plenary lectures given at the Slovenian-Croatian and Croatian-Slovenian Crystallographic Meetings , from 1992 onwards, was published, as well.

Croatica Chemica Acta 69 (1996) No.4 appeared on WWW on February 8, 1997. This was a special issue dedicated to the memory of Dr. Stanko Borcic. The Table of Contents and some abstracts of Professor Borcic's scientific papers were presented.

...and so on...


Last Updated: 08/31/2009 13:46:46