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Page created: 1st October 2003
Last updated: 9th January 2005
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]

The FAME is site devoted to systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author support or approve the ideas they may stand for.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1929 - 1941


Yugoslavia continued to use the flags adopted previously to the name change, of course. Only in the brink of the War, in 1937 a new set of flags for use in the navy and the merchant marine was established, thouigh it is questionable is the change was ever implemented. This page presents all the flags prescibed by the 1937 regulations, even those that have not changed.


See also:

Ensigns

Zastave koje obeležavaju narodnost brodova

The ensigns are the flags hoisted at stern of a ship to indicate the nationality. These are the main flags on a ship and are hoisted during the daytime practically always when the ship could be observed, that is whenever ships is not on the high seas, and even then if it meets an other ship, a submarin or an aircraft.


Naval Ensign

Ratna zastava

[Naval Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [War Ensign]
Adopted: 28th February 1922
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The national tricolour with the coat of arms set near the hoist, with its axis on the one third of the flag length.


Merchant Ensign

Trgovačka zastava

[Merchant Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [Civil and State Flag and Ensign]
Adopted: 28th February 1922
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The undefaced national tricolour of blue over white over red.


Financial Control Ensign

Zastava jedinica financijske kontrole

[Financial Control Ensign] [Alternation] 2:3 [State Ensign]
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The national tricolour defaced with the state coat of arms in the blue stripe near the hoist. The height of the coat of arms is three tenths of the hoist and its axis is 1/8 of the flag length from the hoist.


Harbour Police Ensign

Zastava jedinica lučke policije

[Harbour Police Ensign] [Alternation] 2:3 [State Ensign]
Adopted: 28th February 1922
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The ensign hoisted by ships of the harbour police is the national tricolour with two blue anchors crossed in saltire set in the middle of the white stripe. The height of the emblem is three thenths of the flag hoist.


Reserve Naval Officer Ensign

Zastava rezervnih pomorskih oficira

[Reserve Naval Officer Ensign] [Alternation] 2:3 [Civil Ensign]
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The ensign that could have been warranted to the ships commanded by captains who are reserve naval officers and meeting certain criteria is the national tricolour defaced in the blue stripe next to the hoist with a yellow cabled anchor topped with the yellow royal crown. The same flag with the white anchor was prescribed earlier.


Honour Naval Ensign

Počasna ratna zastava

[Honour Naval Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [War Ensign]
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The naval ensign was granted to certain naval ships as symbol of merit. The honour naval ensign is designwise entirely like the usual naval ensign, except that the grantee could include a small emblem - personal coat of arms or an other symbol - to deface the flag in an unobtrusive way usualy in the canton corner.



Standards and High Dignitaries Flags

Zastave koje obeležavaju boravak Najviših i Visokih ličnosti na brodovima


Standards

standarti


King

Standart Kralja

[King] [Normal] 1:1 [King]
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The royal standard is a dark red square flag with tricolour triangles around the border and a yellow fimbriated white cross formy throughout over which is set the state coat of arms. The artistic representation of the coat of arms is modernized from the 1920's design used previously, and lacks the red background shield.


Queen

Standart Kraljice

[Queen] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The standard of the Queen is a dark red square flag with the border of tricolour triangles and the coat of arms in the middle.


Prince Regent, in his function as a Member of the Royal House

Standart Kneza Namesnika, u svojstvu Člana Kraljevskog Doma

[Prince Regent, in his function as a Member of the Royal House] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The standard of the Pricne Regent as a Member of the Royal House is a blue square flag with the border of tricolour triangles and the coat of arms in the middle.


Crownprince

Standart Prestolonasljednika

[Crownprince] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The standard of the Crownprince is a blue square flag with the coat of arms in the middle and four royal crowns, one in each corner.


Member of the Royal House

Standart Članova Kraljevskog Doma

[Member of the Royal House] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The standard for other members of the Royal House is a blue square flag with the coat of arms in the middle.


Offical Flags

službene zastave


Regent

Službena zastava Namesnika

[Regent] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag for the regents is a white square flag with a blue cross and the state coat of arms in the middle.
The regency (namesništvo) established for the young king Peter I who inherited his father killed in Marseille in 1934, consisted of three members: Prince Paul (Pavle) and two other gentile members. In parctice, however, Prince Paul gained all the power and turned the Yugoslav policy from Allies towards germany. This flag was for the toher two members of the regency.


Prime Minister

Službena zastava Predsednika ministarskog saveta

[Prime Minister] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers is a white square flag with blue border at the top and red at the bottom and the greater coat of arms in the middle.


Minister

Službena zastava Ministara, članova Vlade

[Minister] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of the other ministers members of the Government is a white square flag and the greater state coat of arms in the middle.



Military Officials Flags

Zastave koje obeležavaju boravak starešina Vojske i Mornarice na brodovima

Flags and pennants of this group are used to indicate presence of a military officer of certain rank or duty aboard the vessel. Some flags of this kind might have been used as car flags, too.


Command Flags

komandne zastave

Command flags indicate high naval rank officers and thir right of command.


Minister of the Army and the Navy

Komandna zastava Ministra vojske i mornarice

[Minister of the Army and the Navy] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of the Minister of the Army and the Navy is a white square flags with blue border and the coat of arms in the middle.


Admiral

Komandna zastava admirala

[Admiral] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of an Admiral is a white square flag with blue border and three blue six-pointed stars in diagonal.


Vice Admiral

Komandna zastava viceadmirala

[Vice Admiral] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of a Vice Admiral is a white square flag with blue border and two blue six-pointed stars in diagonal.


Rear Admiral

Komandna zastava kontraadmirala

[Rear Admiral] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of a Rear Admiral is a white square flag with blue border and a blue six-pointed star in the middle.


Rank Flags

zastave čina

The rank flags are used to indicate presence of highest non-naval military officers aboard a vessel.


Marchal

Zastava vojvode

[Marchal] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of a Marchal is a square tricolour with the coat of arms (without the backgound shield) in the canton.


Army General

Zastava armijskog đenerala

[Army General] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of an Army General is a square tricolour with three golden sixpointed stars set on the diagonal.


Division General

Zastava divizijskog đenerala

[Division General] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of a Division General is a square tricolour with two golden sixpointed stars set on the diagonal, in the blue and in the red stripe.


Brigade General

Zastava brigadnog đenerala

[Brigade General] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The flag of a Brigade General is a square tricolour with a golden sixpointed star set in the middle.


Standards

stegovi

The naval standards indicate presence of a high naval officer in command of a naval unit.


Commodore

Steg komodora

[Commodore] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The Commodore standard is a swallow-tailed white square flag with a blue border all around.


Sqadron Commander

Steg komandanta eskadre

[Sqadron Commander] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The squadron commander standard is a blue square swallow-tailed flag.


Senior Officer Afloat

Steg starešinstva

[Senior Officer Afloat] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The senior officer aboard standard is a blue triangular pennant.


Pennants

plamenci

The pennants are triangular flags indicating presence of the younger naval commanders.


Group Commander

Plamenac komandanta sastava

[Group Commander] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The group commander's pennant is a triangular pennant vertically divided into hoist part the horisontal tricolour and the white fly part.


War Pennant

Plamenac komandanta broda

[War Pennant] [Normal] 1:100
Adopted: 28th February 1922
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The masthead pennant is a white long pennant from its middle to the fly triangular in shape, with a white tassel at the fly and the first third of the length coloured in the national tricolour.


Leader

Plamenac vođe

[Leader] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The leader's pennant is a triangular pennant vertically divided into white hoist part with a red cross and the blue fly part.



Signals

Zastave-znaci

The signals are used on ships performing some special state functions in addition to otherwise prescribed ensign, usually at port of the main mast.


Customs

Carinski znak

[Customs] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 1937
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The customs signal is a green triangular pennant with the coat of arms in the middle.


Postal service

Poštanski znak

[Postal service] [Normal] 1:1
Adopted: 28th February 1922
Abandoned: 18th April 1941
Source: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova, Kraljevska mornarica, Štamparija Kraljevske mornarice, 1937.

The postal signal is a square tricolour with the midde stripe wider in which was a blue posthorn.



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